|Posted by DEBRA HAMMOND on July 1, 2012 at 11:30 AM|
Short paragraph of History By Susan 2009
For centuries Cyprus has been influenced by the cultures of many different nations, which has led to an island with a rich and diverse historical and architectural heritage. From soli and vouni in the west, Arabahmet Pasha Mosque in Lefkosa to Salamis and the site of Apostolos Andreas in the east there is much to reflect 9,000 years of civilization.
The island has been occupied by succession of peoples from Europe and Asia. In the 8th Century BC it was part of the Assyrian empire, then the Babylonian, Egytian and Persian. In 58BC the island was seized by the Romans. Richard the lion heart settled on the island in 1191 during the third crusade and after selling it to the Knights Templar permitted Guy de Lusignan to buy the island. Cyprus remained in Lusignan possession until captured by the Venetians in 1489. From 1571 to 1878 the island was ruled by the Ottomans until they leased its administration to Britain. Independence was granted in 1960, but after Greek Cypriot and Greek military coup in 1974, Turkey was forced to intervene to safe guard the interest of the Turkish Cypriots. The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus was subsequently proclaimed in 1983.